Union County State Fish and Wildlife Area

Union County State Fish & Wildlife Area encompasses 6,202 acres in the Lower Mississippi River bottomlands division of Illinois. Numerous shallow sloughs and other water areas totaling approximately 1,100 acres are scattered throughout the area. More prominent water areas include Grassy Lake (350 acres) and Lyerla Lake (275 acres).

Of the 5,350-acre land area, approximately 2,400 acres are cultivated. The remaining acreage is timber, brush or permanent grass cover. By far the most intensive activity on the area is farming. Each year a variety of hard grain and green forage crops are planted and left standing to provide food for wintering geese. More than 2,400 acres of corn, sunflower, wheat, clover and other crops are established for this purpose.

Union County State Fish & Wildlife Area is a haven for many diverse forms of wildlife. The most prominent throughout five months of the year are the phenomenal flocks of wintering Canada geese and other waterfowl. White-tailed deer, bald and golden eagles, and many other interesting types of wildlife are commonly observed by visitors to the area.

Public use of interior gravel roads is restricted except when permission is granted for special circumstances, such as student research and site tours.

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Latitude: 37.391736 Longitude: -89.370108 Elevation: 341 ft
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Cindy Cain

Recreational Opportunities

Public use in the refuge is limited to sightseeing and wildlife photography. No hunting is allowed. In order to avoid disturbance of waterfowl on the area, no day use or overnight facilities have been developed.

Throughout the fall and winter months, thousands of Canada geese are concentrated along the Refuge Drive. Few places in Illinois exist where so many wild geese can be closely observed and photographed in their natural habitat.


Fishing is permitted in Grassy Lake from March 1 to October 15. Outboard motor size is limited to 10 horsepower or less. Grassy Lake is a shallow, fertile bottomland lake with catfish the primary sport fish attraction.

Excellent early spring and late summer bluegill and crappie fishing exists in Lyerla Lake. Fishing is permitted from March 1 to October 15, with outboard motor size limited to 10 horsepower or less.


Approximately 2,050 acres at the south end of the main site are designated as a Public Hunting Area. Goose and duck hunting is on a permit basis with duck permits (allowing either species to be hunted) issued from the Springfield office upon application by interested hunters. Daily fee is $10 with blinds, some rental decoys and transportation to the field provided on the area. A total of 35 blinds can accommodate 70 hunters each day, and one more blind is accessible to a disabled hunter and assistant. A 5 a.m. drawing is held each morning at the Hunter Check Station to allocate blinds to permit holders.

On the smaller Firing Line Unit area, 4 four-man blinds and a separate walk-in area can accommodate a total of 32 additional hunters a day. A draw for this area is held one hour before shooting time daily at the green barn across from the Office/Visitor Center.

On the main site, additional hunting opportunities exist for deer, squirrel, ducks and doves both on the Public Hunting Area and in the Firing Line Unit area. Additional huntable acreage exists on two satellite locations: 2,741 acres on Devil's Island Wildllife Management Area and 1,375 on Cape Bend State Fish & Wildlife Area. For more specific regulations, please see the hunter fact sheet for each specific area, or call the office Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.

Pet Friendly Notes

Pets must be kept on leashes at all times.

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