The Albany Mounds area has been inhabited for at least 10,000 years. Artifacts from nearly all local prehistoric Americans Indians cultures have been found here. The area, however, is best known for the group of American Indians who lived here about 2,00 years ago; members of the Hopewell culture who constructed the burial mounds from which the site derives it's name.
More than 96 mounds were originally located at the Albany site, making it one of the largest mound group in Illinois as well as the state. Today less than 50 of the original mounds remain. The remainder of the mounds are now owned by the State of Illinois.